Research, publications and impact

Penny has written over one hundred and fifty articles, books and book chapters on procedural fairness and vulnerable witnesses and parties.  She co-edits the leading textbook in her field. The influence of her work can be seen at the forefront of developments in legal practice in the United Kingdom. See for example:

R v Grant-Murray & Anor [2017] EWCA Crim 1228

R v Christian [2015] EWCA Crim 1582 [para 34];

R v RL [2015] EWCA Crim 1215 [paras 7 & 10];

R v Lubemba [2014] EWCA Crim 2064 [para 40];

R (On the Application Of OP) v Secretary of State for Justice [2014] EWHC 1944 (Admin) [para 5]; and

Re X (A Child) [2011] EWHC 3401 (Fam) [para 13].

One leading QC wrote: “Your article was extremely helpful in stemming a possibly unfortunate development in the case…it was helpful not just to the Prosecution but to the eight other defendants who were potentially disadvantaged.”

Quick-read Blogs

Witness memory and psychological research

Special measures for witnesses in civil cases

Peer-reviewed Journal Articles:

Dando, C.J., Ormerod, T., Cooper, P., Mattison, M., Marchant, M., Milne, R., Bull, R., (2017). No evidence against sketching to remember, verbal labelling and use of Registered Intermediaries in interviews for witnesses with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Response to Henry et al. February 2018 Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders DOI10.1007/s10803-018-3479-z

Cooper, P. & Mattison, M. (2017). Intermediaries, vulnerable people and the quality of evidence: An international comparison of three versions of the English intermediary model. The International Journal of Evidence and Proof. 21(4) 351–370.

Gerry, F. & Cooper, P. (2017). Effective Participation of Vulnerable Accused Persons: Case Management, Court Adaptation and Rethinking Criminal Responsibility. (2017), 26 Journal of Judicial Administration. 1, 265-275.

Allely, C. & Cooper, P. (2017). Jurors’ and Judges’ Evaluation of Defendants with Autism and the Impact on Sentencing: A Systematic PRISMA Review of Autism Spectrum Disorder in the Courtroom.  Journal of Law and Medicine. 25 JLM 1.

Maras, K., Crane, L., Mulcahy, S., Hawken, T., Cooper, P., Wurtzel, D., & Memon, A., (2017). Autism in the courtroom: experiences of legal professionals and the autism community. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. (In press).

Cooper, P., & Allely, C. (2017). You can’t judge a book by its cover: Evolving professional responsibilities, liabilities and ‘judgecraft’ when a party has Asperger’s Syndrome. Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly, 68 (1), 35–58.

Cooper, P., Backen, P., & Marchant, R. (2015). Getting to grips with Ground Rules Hearings – a checklist for judges, advocates and intermediaries. Criminal Law Review, 2015, 6, 420-435.

Cooper, P., & Wurtzel, D., (2014). Better the second time around? Department of Justice Registered Intermediaries Schemes and lessons from England and Wales. Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly, 65(1), 39-61.

Cooper, P. (2014). Speaking when they are spoken to: hearing vulnerable witnesses in care proceedings. Child and Family Law Quarterly, 26(2), 132-151.

Cooper, P., & Wurtzel, D. (2013). A day late and a dollar short: in search of an intermediary scheme for vulnerable defendants in England and Wales. Criminal Law Review, 2013, 1, 4-22.

Brammer, A., & Cooper, P. (2011). Still waiting for a meeting of minds: child witnesses in the criminal and family justice systems. Criminal Law Review, 2011, 12, 925-942.

Case Study

Cooper, P. (2016). A Double First in Child Sexual Assault Cases in New South Wales: Notes from the first witness intermediary and pre-recorded cross-examination cases. Alternative Law Journal, 41(3), 191-194.

Commentaries

Cooper, P. (2018). R. v Mudd. Criminal Law Review. (In press)

Cooper, P. (2018). R. Dinc. Case Comment. Criminal Law Review. (In press)

Cooper, P. (2018). R. v Grant-Murray and another; R. v McGill & Ors. Case Comment. Criminal Law Review. (In press)

Cooper, P. (2017). R. v S. Case Comment. Criminal Law Review, 12, 982 -987.

Cooper, P (2017). R. v Mulindwa.  Case Comment. Criminal Law Review, 12, 979 – 982.

Cooper, P. (2017). R. v SG. Case Comment. Criminal Law Review, 9, 733-737.

Cooper, P. (2017). R. v SG. Case Comment. Criminal Law Review, 9, 733-737.

Cooper, P. (2017). R. v Blackman (Alexander Wayne), The Defendant’s Vulnerability, Criminal Law Review, 2017, 7, 555-562.

Cooper, P. (2017). R. v Rashid – Intermediaries for defendants and advocates’ professional competence. Criminal Law Review, 2017, 5, 420 – 421.

Cooper, P. (2016). Re E (A Child) (Family Proceedings: Evidence). Criminal Law Review, 2016, 9, 649-652.

Alley, C., Cooper, P., & Wood, T. (2016). Adults with Autism in the Criminal Justice System. The Psychologist, 2016, 29, November, 812.

Cooper, P. (2015). R. v Jonas (Sandor). Criminal Law Review, 2015, 9, 742-746.

Cooper, P. (2015). R. v Krezolek (Mariusz); R. v Luczak (Magdalena). Criminal Law Review, 2015, 8, 628-630.

Cooper, P. (2016). F v Crown Prosecution Service. Criminal Law Review, 2016, 2, 124-127.

Cooper, P. (2014). Letter to the Editor. Criminal Law Review, 2015, 6, 451-452. (Editor-invited response to Daniele, ‘Testimony through a Live Link in the Perspective of the Right to Confront Witnesses’.)

Cooper, P. (2012). Jones v Kaney and Other Disincentives: Why the Supreme Court’s Decision Should Prompt a Law Commission Review of the Law in Relation to Expert Witness Evidence in Family Cases. Child and Family Law Quarterly, 24(2), 234-250.

Book Chapters

Cooper, P., Mattison, M., & Norton, H. (2017). Looking Ahead. In Cooper, P., & Norton, H. (Eds.), Vulnerable People and the Criminal Justice System – A Guide to Law and Practice, Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. (In press).

Cooper, P., & Farrugia, L. (2017). Ground Rules Hearings. In Cooper, P., & Norton, H. (Eds.), Vulnerable People and the Criminal Justice System – A Guide to Law and Practice, Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. (In press).

Cooper, P., & Gerry, F. (2017). Vulnerability and Defences. In Cooper, P., & Norton, H. (Eds.), Vulnerable People and the Criminal Justice System – A Guide to Law and Practice, Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. (In press).

Cooper, P. (2016). Vulnerable and intimidated witnesses: Special measures, competence, consent and cross-examination. In Brammer, A. & Boylan Kemp, J. (Eds.), Critical Issues in Social Work Law. London, England: Palgrave Macmillan.

Cooper, P., & Hunting, L. (2016). Addressing Vulnerability in Justice Systems. London, England:  Wildy.

Cooper, P. (2016). Valuable Lessons and Poor Relations: Comparing the English Criminal and Family Justice Systems’ Approaches to Vulnerable and Intimidated Witnesses. In Cooper, P., & Hunting, Linda (Eds.), Addressing Vulnerability in Justice Systems. London, England: Wildy.

Cooper, P. (2014). Court and Legal Skills for Social Workers. London, England: Palgrave.

Cooper, P. (2011). ABE interviews, children’s testimony and hearing the voice of the child in family cases: Are we barking up the right tree?’ in The Rt. Hon Lord Justice Thorpe & Tyzack, W. (Eds.), Dear D.: A memo to the Norgrove Committee from the Dartington Conference 2011. Bristol, England: Jordans.

Cooper, P. (2008). Law schools addressing the training needs of expert witnesses, in Frenkel, D. A., & Gerner-Beuerle, Carsten. (Eds.) Selected Essays on Current Legal Issues. Athens: Athens Institute for Education and Research.

Cooper, P., & Vizard, E. (2007). The Expert Witness Pack (incl. DVD) in Lord Justice Wall, Handbook for Expert Witnesses in Children Act Cases. Bristol, England: Jordans.

Cooper, P. (2006). Reporting to Court Under the Children Act – A handbook for practitioners. London, England: TSO.

Cooper, P. (2006). Expert Witness Training. In Sir Louis Blom-Cooper (Ed.), Experts in the Civil Courts. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Research Project Report

Cooper, P., (2014). Highs and lows: the 4th intermediary survey. (Project Report) Kingston upon Thames, U.K.: Kingston University. 36 p.

Cooper, P., (2012). Tell me what’s happening 3: registered intermediary survey 2011. (Project Report) London, U.K.: City University. 14 p.

Cooper, P., (2011). Tell me what’s happening 2: registered intermediary survey 2010. (Project Report) London, U.K.: City University. 16 p.

Cooper, P., (2009). Tell me what’s happening: registered intermediary survey 2009. (Project Report) London, U.K.: City University. 9 p.

Cooper, P., (2007). Expert Witness Lessons, London, U.K.: City University, funded by 2007 HEFCE Scholarship of Teaching and Learning Major Award, City University Staff Research Commendation).

Justice Department Intermediary Procedural Guidance

 Cooper, P., Wurtzel, D., & Department of Justice (2016). The Registered Intermediaries Procedural Guidance Manual. Belfast, Northern Ireland: Department of Justice.

Cooper, P. (2016). Children’s Champion (witness intermediary) Procedural Guidance Manual. New South Wales, Australia: Department of Justice.

Cooper, P., Wurtzel, D., & Ministry of Justice (2015). Registered Intermediary Procedural Guidance Manual. London, England: MOJ.

Cooper, P., Wurtzel, D., & Department of Justice (2012). The Registered Intermediaries Procedural Guidance Manual. Belfast, Northern Ireland: Department of Justice.

Cooper, P., Wurtzel, D., & Ministry of Justice (2011). Registered Intermediary Procedural Guidance Manual. London, England: MOJ.

Office for Criminal Justice Reform with Cooper, P., Garrow, V., & Wurtzel, D. (2005). Intermediary Procedural Guidance Manual.  London, England: Home Office/OCJR.

Practitioner ‘TAG’ Toolkit

Cooper, P. (2017). Toolkit 16: Intermediaries: Step by Step (3rd ed.) London: The Inns of Court College of Advocacy, The Advocate’s Gateway.

Cooper, P. (2016). Toolkit 1: Ground Rules Hearings and the Fair Treatment of Vulnerable People in Court (2nd ed.) London: The Inns of Court College of Advocacy, The Advocate’s Gateway.

Cooper, P. (2017). Toolkit 10: Identifying vulnerability in witnesses and defendants (2nd ed.) London: The Inns of Court College of Advocacy, The Advocate’s Gateway.

Practitioner Journal Article 

Penny has published over sixty practitioner articles on witness evidence including the following:

Cooper, P. (2018). Making sure lay participants understand the court’s decision: What is expected of judges? (forthcoming).

Cooper, P. (2018). Animals Supporting Effective Participation in Court: Some issues for England and Wales to consider (forthcoming).

Cooper, P. (2018). In the Shadowlands: R v Desai and prosecuting the person who assists the suicide of a chronically ill relative. Criminal Law & Vol. 182 Justice Weekly January 27 2018, 59-61.

Cooper, P. & Mattison, M (2018). Section 28 Pre-recorded cross-examination: What is in store for advocates in 2018. Criminal Law & Vol 182, Justice Weekly January 6 2018, 7-9.

Cooper, P (2017). New Family Procedure Rules on Participation of Vulnerable People: Enabling the Court of Protection to pick up the pace? Mental Capacity Report: Practice and Procedure, November 2017, 81, 6-9.

Cooper, P. (2017). Moving the Bar: Is Cross-examination any good? Mental Capacity Report: Practice and Procedure, March 2017, 74, 3-6.

Cooper, P. & Arnold, J. (2017). Listening without prejudice? Procedural adjustments in the employment tribunal. ELA Briefing, March 2017, 5-7.

Cooper, P. (2017) Cross-examination of vulnerable people by alleged abusers in person. Family Law, February 2017, 46, 245-247.

Cooper, P., Berryessa, C., & Allely, C., (2016). Understanding what the defendant with Asperger’s syndrome understood Effective Use of expert evidence to inform Judges and juries. Criminal Law & Justice Weekly, 2016, 180(44), 792-794.

Cooper, P., & Mattison, M. (2016). Getting the Best Evidence from Child Complainants in Sex Abuse Cases: The First Witness Intermediaries in Australia. Australian Police Journal, December 2016, 70(4), 200-203.

Cooper, P., & Allely, C. (2016). The Curious Incident of the Man in The Bank: Procedural Fairness and a Defendant With Asperger’s Syndrome. Criminal Law & Justice Weekly, 2016, 180(35), 632-634.

Marchant, R., & Cooper, P. (2016). ABE interviews; the importance of recording what happens off camera: Re E. Family Law, 2016, 46(August), 971-975.

Cooper, P. (2016). Like ducks to water? Intermediaries for vulnerable witnesses and parties, Family Law, 2016, 46(March), 374-378.

Ruck Keene, Alex, Cooper, P., & Hogg, C. (2016). “Special Measures” in the Court of Protection. Elder Law Journal, 2016, 6(1), 62-66.

Cooper, P., Grace, J., (2015). Vulnerable Patients Going to Court: A Psychiatrist’s Guide to Special Measures. BJPsych, 2016 August; 40(4): 220–222.

Cooper, P. (2015). Children & Vulnerable Witnesses: Final report signals the beginning of changes, Family Law, 2015, 45(May), 562-564.

Cooper, P. (2015). Clear Direction, Cross-examination of the vulnerable witness in R v FA: The Court of Appeal takes the ground rules approach. Counsel, June, 26-28.

Cooper, P. (2015). Have you seen the view? Toolkit 13 vulnerable witnesses and parties in the family courts. Family Law, 45 (March), 308-311.

Cooper, P. (2014). Ticketing talk gets serious. Counsel, November, 12-13.

Cooper, P. (2014). Bowler as well as umpire. Counsel, June, 10-12.

Cooper, P. (2014). Lacking empathy: Asperger Syndrome and the criminal justice system. The Writ: The Journal of the Law Society of Northern Ireland, (220), 4-7.

Cooper, P. (2014). Questioning vulnerable witnesses: why the Advocate’s Gateway is essential.  The Writ: The Journal of the Law Society of Northern Ireland, (219), 14-15.

Cooper, P. (2014). Remote control – Is virtual witness testimony legal fact or largely fiction? New Law Journal, 164(7589), 8.

Cooper, P. (2013). Face value: seeing and believing? Counsel, November, 26-28.

Cooper, P. (2013). The Family Advocate’s Gateway to best practice for vulnerable witnesses. Family Law, 43, 1463.

Wurtzel, D. & Cooper, P. (2013). Making it meaningful – how to ensure the effective participation of vulnerable defendants in a trial. Counsel, August, 23-25.

Cooper, P. (2013). Questioning vulnerable witnesses: Why The Advocate’s Gateway is essential. The Writ: The Journal of the Law Society of Northern Ireland, (219), 14-15.

Cooper, P. (2013). Re-writing the Victims’ Code, Counsel, May, 17-18.

Cooper, P. (2013). Witness competency hearings – a test of competence. Criminal Bar Quarterly, 2013(2), 5-6.

Cooper, P. (2013). The umbrella condition: the legal issues for suspects and defendants with Asperger Syndrome. Criminal Bar Quarterly, 2013(1), 8-10.

Cooper, P. (2012). Experts in the family courts: are they worth it? Family Law, 42(Feb), 196-197.

Cooper, P. (2012). Intermediaries and vulnerable witnesses in family courts: what do we do now? Family Law, 42(Jul), 868-870.

Cooper, P. (2012). Witness familiarisation and special measures come of age. Solicitors Journal, 156(25), 10-11.

Cooper, P. (2011). Barren lands? Counsel, June, 26-28.

Cooper, P. (2011). Call yourself an expert? New Law Journal, 161(7466), 707-708.

Cooper, P. (2011). Child witnesses in family proceedings: should intermediaries be showing us the way? Family Law, 41, 397-403.

Cooper, P. (2011). Get set and go: The Midlands Circuit three-month rule for expert witnesses, Family Law, 41, 520-521.

Cooper, P. (2011). Jones v Kaney: a curse on family court experts? Family Law, 41, 642-644.

Cooper, P. (2011). Jones v Kaney: will it prove to be a curse on some expert witnesses? The Expert Witness Institute Newsletter, 11-14.

Cooper, P. (2011). New achieving best evidence guidance, Family Law, (Aug), 41, pp. 871-873.

Cooper, P. (2010). ‘Mind Games – what are the advocate’s emotional drivers when conducting a cross-examination’, Counsel, December, 29-30.

Cooper, P. (2007). ‘Transparency in the family courts – what it could mean for experts’. EWI Newsletter, Volume 11, 3-5.

Cooper, P. (2006). Different court, different rules. New Law Journal, 156(7213). 310-311.

Cooper, P. (2005). Witness preparation: play it safe. New Law Journal, November,1753 – 1754.

Cooper, P. (2004). Witness Preparation from red to green. Counsel, November, 8 -9.

Cooper, P. (2003). A new protocol for care cases, Link AWS, 2003/04, 12, 25-32.

Cooper, P. (2003). Probing your expert. New Law Journal, 153(7083), 857-858.

Cooper, P. (2001). Successful use of expert witnesses in civil cases. New Law Journal, November, 1650 – 1652.

Publications
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