Research, Publications and Impact

Penny has written over one hundred and fifty articles, books and book chapters on procedural fairness for vulnerable witnesses and parties. She co-edits the leading textbook in her field. The influence of her work can be seen at the forefront of developments in legal practice in the United Kingdom. See for example:

  • R v Grant-Murray & Anor [2017] EWCA Crim 1228
  • R v Christian [2015] EWCA Crim 1582 [para 34];
  • R v RL [2015] EWCA Crim 1215 [paras 7 & 10];
  • R v Lubemba [2014] EWCA Crim 2064 [para 40];
  • R (On the Application Of OP) v Secretary of State for Justice [2014] EWHC 1944 (Admin) [para 5]; and
  • Re X (A Child) [2011] EWHC 3401 (Fam) [para 13].

One leading QC wrote: “Your article was extremely helpful in stemming a possibly unfortunate development in the case…it was helpful not just to the Prosecution but to the eight other defendants who were potentially disadvantaged.”

Examples of Penny’s publications are listed below.

Quick-read Blogs

A Standing Inquiry Into Abuse and Neglect of Vulnerable Adults: Learning from New South Wales (pages 17 to 20)

Witness memory and psychological research

Special measures for witnesses in civil cases

Peer-reviewed Journal Articles include:

Cooper, P., Dando, C.J., Ormerod, T., Mattison, M., Marchant, M., Milne, R., Bull, R., (2018). One step forward and two steps back? The “20 Principles” for questioning vulnerable witnesses and the lack of an evidence-based approach. The International Journal of Evidence and Proof. First published 20 August 2018 at http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1365712718793435 PDF of authors’ manuscript available here.

Cooper, P. & Mattison, M. (2017). Intermediaries, vulnerable people and the quality of evidence: An international comparison of three versions of the English intermediary model. The International Journal of Evidence and Proof. 21(4) 351–370.

Gerry, F. & Cooper, P. (2017). Effective Participation of Vulnerable Accused Persons: Case Management, Court Adaptation and Rethinking Criminal Responsibility. (2017), 26 Journal of Judicial Administration. 1, 265-275.

Cooper, P., &Allely, C. (2017). You can’t judge a book by its cover: Evolving professional responsibilities, liabilities and ‘judgecraft’ when a party has Asperger’s Syndrome. Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly, 68 (1), 35–58.

Cooper, P., Backen, P., & Marchant, R. (2015). Getting to grips with Ground Rules Hearings – a checklist for judges, advocates and intermediaries. Criminal Law Review, 2015, 6, 420-435.

Cooper, P., & Wurtzel, D., (2014). Better the second time around? Department of Justice Registered Intermediaries Schemes and lessons from England and Wales. Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly, 65(1), 39-61.

Cooper, P. (2014). Speaking when they are spoken to: hearing vulnerable witnesses in care proceedings. Child and Family Law Quarterly, 26(2), 132-151.

Cooper, P., & Wurtzel, D. (2013). A day late and a dollar short: in search of an intermediary scheme for vulnerable defendants in England and Wales. Criminal Law Review, 2013, 1, 4-22.

Brammer, A., & Cooper, P. (2011). Still waiting for a meeting of minds: child witnesses in the criminal and family justice systems. Criminal Law Review, 2011, 12, 925-942.

Case Study

Cooper, P. (2016). A Double First in Child Sexual Assault Cases in New South Wales: Notes from the first witness intermediary and pre-recorded cross-examination cases. Alternative Law Journal, 41(3), 191-194.

Book Chapters

Cooper, P. (2020). Towards a Principled Approach to Participation. In Jacobson, J. and Cooper, P. (Eds.), Participation in Courts and Tribunals – Concepts, Realities and Aspirations. Bristol, England: BUP.

Cooper, P., Mattison, M., & Norton, H. (2017). Looking Ahead. In Cooper, P., & Norton, H. (Eds.), Vulnerable People and the Criminal Justice System – A Guide to Law and Practice. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Cooper, P., & Farrugia, L. (2017). Ground Rules Hearings. In Cooper, P., & Norton, H. (Eds.), Vulnerable People and the Criminal Justice System – A Guide to Law and Practice. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Cooper, P., & Gerry, F. (2017). Vulnerability and Defences. In Cooper, P., & Norton, H. (Eds.), Vulnerable People and the Criminal Justice System – A Guide to Law and Practice. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Cooper, P. (2016). Vulnerable and intimidated witnesses: Special measures, competence, consent and cross-examination. In Brammer, A. & Boylan Kemp, J. (Eds.), Critical Issues in Social Work Law. London, England: Palgrave Macmillan.

Cooper, P., & Hunting, L. (2016). Addressing Vulnerability in Justice Systems. London, England: Wildy.

Cooper, P. (2016). Valuable Lessons and Poor Relations: Comparing the English Criminal and Family Justice Systems’ Approaches to Vulnerable and Intimidated Witnesses. In Cooper, P., & Hunting, Linda (Eds.), Addressing Vulnerability in Justice Systems. London, England: Wildy.

Cooper, P. (2014). Court and Legal Skills for Social Workers. London, England: Palgrave.

Cooper, P. (2011). ABE interviews, children’s testimony and hearing the voice of the child in family cases: Are we barking up the right tree?’ in The Rt. Hon Lord Justice Thorpe &Tyzack, W. (Eds.), Dear D.: A memo to the Norgrove Committee from the Dartington Conference 2011. Bristol, England: Jordans.

Cooper, P. (2008). Law schools addressing the training needs of expert witnesses, in Frenkel, D. A., &Gerner-Beuerle, Carsten. (Eds.) Selected Essays on Current Legal Issues. Athens: Athens Institute for Education and Research.

Cooper, P., & Vizard, E. (2007). The Expert Witness Pack (incl. DVD) in Lord Justice Wall, Handbook for Expert Witnesses in Children Act Cases. Bristol, England: Jordans.

Cooper, P. (2006). Reporting to Court Under the Children Act – A handbook for practitioners. London, England: TSO.

Cooper, P. (2006). Expert Witness Training. In Sir Louis Blom-Cooper (Ed.), Experts in the Civil Courts. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Research Project Report

Cooper, P. & Mattison, M. Making a Witness Statement: What are the Issues? (forthcoming for the Nuffield Foundation)

Cooper, P. & Mattison, M. (2018). Towards Expert Witness Independence and Impartiality. London, England, EWI.

Cooper, P., (2014). Highs and lows: the 4th intermediary survey. (Project Report) Kingston upon Thames, U.K.: Kingston University. 36 p.

Cooper, P., (2012). Tell me what’s happening 3: registered intermediary survey 2011. (Project Report) London, U.K.: City University. 14 p.

Cooper, P., (2011). Tell me what’s happening 2: registered intermediary survey 2010. (Project Report) London, U.K.: City University. 16 p.

Cooper, P., (2009). Tell me what’s happening: registered intermediary survey 2009. (Project Report) London, U.K.: City University. 9 p.

Cooper, P., (2007). Expert Witness Lessons, London, U.K.: City University, funded by 2007 HEFCE Scholarship of Teaching and Learning Major Award, City University Staff Research Commendation).

Justice Department Intermediary Procedural Guidance

Cooper, P., Wurtzel, D., & Department of Justice (2016). The Registered Intermediaries Procedural Guidance Manual. Belfast, Northern Ireland: Department of Justice.

Cooper, P. (2016). Children’s Champion (witness intermediary) Procedural Guidance Manual. New South Wales, Australia: Department of Justice.

Cooper, P., Wurtzel, D., & Ministry of Justice (2015). Registered Intermediary Procedural Guidance Manual. London, England: MOJ.

Cooper, P., Wurtzel, D., & Department of Justice (2012). The Registered Intermediaries Procedural Guidance Manual. Belfast, Northern Ireland: Department of Justice.

Cooper, P., Wurtzel, D., & Ministry of Justice (2011, 2015). Registered Intermediary Procedural Guidance Manual. London, England: MOJ.

Office for Criminal Justice Reform with Cooper, P., Garrow, V., & Wurtzel, D. (2005). Intermediary Procedural Guidance Manual. London, England: Home Office/OCJR.

Practitioner ‘TAG’ Toolkit

Cooper, P., Jacobson, J, Hunter, G. & Kirby, A. (2020). Supporting Participation in Courts and Tribunals, London: The Advocate’s Gateway.

Cooper, P. (2017). Toolkit 16: Intermediaries: Step by Step (3rd ed.) London: The Advocate’s Gateway.

Cooper, P. (2016). Toolkit 1: Ground Rules Hearings and the Fair Treatment of Vulnerable People in Court (2nd ed.) London: The Advocate’s Gateway.

Cooper, P. (2017). Toolkit 10: Identifying vulnerability in witnesses and defendants (2nd ed.) London: The Advocate’s Gateway.

Practitioner Journal Article

Cooper, P. (2018). In the Shadowlands: R v Desai and prosecuting the person who assists the suicide of a chronically ill relative. Criminal Law & Vol. 182 Justice Weekly January 27 2018, 59-61.

Cooper, P. & Mattison, M (2018). Section 28 Pre-recorded cross-examination: What is in store for advocates in 2018. Criminal Law & Vol 182, Justice Weekly January 6 2018, 7-9.

Cooper, P (2017). New Family Procedure Rules on Participation of Vulnerable People: Enabling the Court of Protection to pick up the pace? Mental Capacity Report: Practice and Procedure, November 2017, 81, 6-9.

Cooper, P. (2017). Moving the Bar: Is Cross-examination any good? Mental Capacity Report: Practice and Procedure, March 2017, 74, 3-6.

Cooper, P. & Arnold, J. (2017). Listening without prejudice? Procedural adjustments in the employment tribunal. ELA Briefing, March 2017, 5-7.

Cooper, P. (2017) Cross-examination of vulnerable people by alleged abusers in person. Family Law, February 2017, 46, 245-247.

Cooper, P., Berryessa, C., &Allely, C., (2016). Understanding what the defendant with Asperger’s syndrome understood Effective Use of expert evidence to inform Judges and juries. Criminal Law & Justice Weekly, 2016, 180(44), 792-794.

Cooper, P., &Allely, C. (2016). The Curious Incident of the Man in The Bank: Procedural Fairness and a Defendant With Asperger’s Syndrome. Criminal Law & Justice Weekly, 2016, 180(35), 632-634.

Marchant, R., & Cooper, P. (2016). ABE interviews; the importance of recording what happens off camera: Re E. Family Law, 2016, 46(August), 971-975.

Cooper,P. (2016). Like ducks to water? Intermediaries for vulnerable witnesses and parties, Family Law, 2016, 46(March), 374-378.

Ruck Keene, Alex, Cooper, P., & Hogg, C. (2016). “Special Measures” in the Court of Protection. Elder Law Journal, 2016, 6(1), 62-66.

Cooper, P., Grace, J., (2015). Vulnerable Patients Going to Court: A Psychiatrist’s Guide to Special Measures. BJPsych, 2016 August; 40(4): 220–222.

Cooper, P. (2015). Children & Vulnerable Witnesses: Final report signals the beginning of changes, Family Law, 2015, 45(May), 562-564.

Cooper, P. (2015). Clear Direction, Cross-examination of the vulnerable witness in R v FA: The Court of Appeal takes the ground rules approach. Counsel, June, 26-28.

Cooper, P. (2015). Have you seen the view? Toolkit 13 vulnerable witnesses and parties in the family courts. Family Law, 45 (March), 308-311.

Cooper, P. (2014). Questioning vulnerable witnesses: why the Advocate’s Gateway is essential. The Writ: The Journal of the Law Society of Northern Ireland, (219), 14-15.

Cooper, P. (2014). Remote control – Is virtual witness testimony legal fact or largely fiction? New Law Journal, 164(7589), 8.

Cooper, P. (2013). Face value: seeing and believing? Counsel, November, 26-28.

Cooper, P. (2013). The Family Advocate’s Gateway to best practice for vulnerable witnesses. Family Law, 43, 1463.

Wurtzel, D. & Cooper, P. (2013). Making it meaningful – how to ensure the effective participation of vulnerable defendants in a trial. Counsel, August, 23-25.

Cooper, P. (2011). Jones v Kaney: will it prove to be a curse on some expert witnesses? The Expert Witness Institute Newsletter, 11-14.

Cooper, P. (2011). New achieving best evidence guidance, Family Law, (Aug), 41, pp. 871-873.

Cooper, P. (2010). ‘Mind Games – what are the advocate’s emotional drivers when conducting a cross-examination’, Counsel, December, 29-30.

Cooper, P. (2005). Witness preparation: play it safe. New Law Journal, November,1753 – 1754.

Cooper, P. (2004). Witness Preparation from red to green. Counsel, November, 8 -9.

Cooper, P. (2001). Successful use of expert witnesses in civil cases. New Law Journal, November, 1650 – 1652.